Denver was established by General William Larimer as Denver City in November, 1858. It started as a mining town during the western Kansas Territory’s Pike’s Peak Gold Rush. The site is found on a bluff overlooking the joining of South Platte River and Cherry Creek. This original site of the city is presently Confluence Park.
Before General Larimer staked his claims, the territory had been utilized by the Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians for seasonal camps. Larimer’s aim was to make a major city that might cater to new emigrants.
After the Colorado Territory was formed on February 28, 1861, Denver City was incorporated on November 7 1861. During the arrival of the railroads, between 1870 and 1890, Denver’s population exploded from 5,000 to more than 100,000 people. Around then, Denver turned into the second most populated city in the West, second just to San Francisco, California.